Location: South America
Capital: Lima (7.300.000 inhab.)
Main Cities: Arequipa, Trujillo, Chiclayo, Cajamarca, Huancayo, Iquitos, Puno, Callao, Cuzco
Area: 1,285,216 km2
Coin: 1 nuevo sol = 100 céntimos
Languages: Spanish, Quechua, Aymará
Religions: Roman Catholic
The Independence's Year: 1821
Mountains: Cordillera of the Andes (Mt. Huascaran 6768 m., Mt. Salccantay 6271 m., Mt. Ausangate 6384 m., Mt. Coropuna 6425 m.)
Rivers: Amazon River, Napo, Ucayali, Huallaga, Maranon, Urubamba
One of the poorest, most beautiful and shocking countries of the Latin America, placed between the Pacific Ocean and the Amazonian tropical forest, raises with the Andean splendid chains, made precious by Spanish colonial exceptional centers and Incaic vestigia of very big suggestion.
Visit Peru means passing by the fogs and its damp and grey air of the pacific coast, but also from the disorder and the pollution of the very wide capital Lima (over 7 millions of inhabitants) to the clear and clean air of Andes, to the damp heat of the Amazon.
In the capital almost lives a third of the whole population of Peru, while on the Andean cordillera and in the Amazonian plain the density is very low.
Cuzco, to further on 3300 meters msl, is a very beautiful town, with a splendid plant colonial, with very numerous monuments of Spanish epoch risen on the foundations of Incaic buildings, constituted by massive walls made of square stone.
From Cuzco you can reach easily charming colonial centers (Pisac, Chincero) with the unfailing and striking Incaic ruins and above all you can reach, with a spectacular way (only by railway or on foot) the archaeological place more shocking in the world: Machu Picchu.
At last one we can not forget the Lake Titicaca to further on 3800 meters msl, with its light and its splendid populations.
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